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Nelson Mandela 1918-2013

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Nelson Mandela passed away yesterday at his home in Johannesburg, South Africa, at the age of 95. The former anti-apartheid activist, imprisoned for decades, was freed in 1990 and rose to become South Africa's first black president just four years later. Once in office, he actively sought reconciliation and peace, inviting former adversaries to help him create a new "Rainbow Nation." After leaving the presidency, Mandela remained an inspirational activist until his failing health forced him to retire from public view in 2004. The day after his death, millions around the world are remembering his legacy. [38 photos]

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Nelson Tavares, 24, works on a mural of former South African president Nelson Mandela which he painted during festivities in his neighborhood in Lisbon, Portugal, on June 20, 2013. (Reuters/Rafael Marchante)
Nelson Tavares, 24, works on a mural of former South African president Nelson Mandela which he painted during festivities in his neighborhood in Lisbon, Portugal, on June 20, 2013. (Reuters/Rafael Marchante)
A photo dated 1961 of South African anti-apartheid leader and African National Congress (ANC) member Nelson Mandela. At the time, he was helping coordinate massive strikes, and starting a controversial armed faction of the ANC. Of the action, Mandela said: "After a long and anxious assessment of the South African situation, I, and some colleagues, came to the conclusion that as violence in this country was inevitable, it would be unrealistic and wrong for African leaders to continue preaching peace and non-violence at a time when the government met our peaceful demands with force." (AFP/Getty Images) #
African women join in a demonstration in South Africa, August 16, 1962, demanding the release of Nelson Mandela, former secretary of the banned African National Congress, who appeared in court on a charge of incitement. The women, together with Winnie Mandela chanted "down with Verwoerd", referring to then-Prime Minister of South Africa Hendrik Verwoerd, on the steps of the Johannesburg City Hall. (AP Photo/Dennis Lee Royle) #
Crowds cheer as a police van brings prisoners to the Drill Hall, in Johannesburg, South Africa, December 31, 1956, for the start of the "Treason Trial." One man has climbed onto the step of the van top shout encouragement to the inmates. Nelson Mandela was among the people arrested and standing trial. Mandela was banned from public speaking, arrested and jailed multiple times throughout the 1950s. (AP Photo) #
Eight men, among them anti-apartheid leader and member of the African National Congress (ANC) Nelson Mandela, sentenced to life imprisonment in the Rivonia trial leave the Palace of Justice in Pretoria, on June 16, 1964 with their fists raised in defiance through the barred windows of the prison car. The eight men were accused of conspiracy, sabotage and treason. (AFP/Getty Images) #
The cell. Thirty years after he was imprisoned, African National Congress (ANC) president Nelson Mandela stares out of the window of the prison cell he occupied on Robben Island for much of his 27 year incarceration, on February 11, 1994. (Reuters/Patrick de Noirmont) #
The stage at Wembley Stadium, London, on June 11, 1988, during a performance by the band Eurythmics at the benefit concert for Nelson Mandela. The 10-hour-long concert "Nelson Mandela, Freedom at 70" was watched by 70,000 fans in the stadium and was televised to 60 countries worldwide. (AP Photo/Allen) #
Winnie Madikizela-Mandela studies messages to her then-husband anti-apartheid leader and member of the African National Congress Nelson Mandela, at his 70th birthday held in Johannesburg, on July 18, 1988. (Walter Dhladhla/AFP/Getty Images) #
Archbishop Desmond Tutu of Cape Town smiles as he gestures from a platform during the Nelson Mandela Freedom Rally in London's Hyde Park, on July 17, 1988 - on the eve of the jailed African National Congress leader's 70 birthday. A crowd estimated at 250,000 attended the rally. (AP Photo/Gill Allen) #
South African State President F.W. de Klerk, announces the unconditional release of jailed ANC leader Nelson Mandela, the unbanning of the ANC, PAC and South African Communist party and the lifting of the state of emergency during parliament in Cape Town, South Africa, on February 2, 1990. (AP Photo/Dana Le Roux-Argus) #
Newly-free Nelson Mandela and Winnie Mandela salute as they enter Soweto's Soccer City stadium, in South Africa, on February 13, 1990. 120,000 thousand people packed the venue to hear his speech. (AP Photo/Udo Weitz) #
Nelson Mandela hugs a young Sowetan girl as he visits the black township near Johannesburg, in October of 1990. (Alexander Joe/AFP/Getty Images) #
South African leader of the ANC, Nelson Mandela raises his fist after addressing a crowd of about 15,000 people from the balcony of the city theater in Amsterdam, on June 16, 1990. (AP Photo/Rob Croese) #
Wall Street area workers wave and throw ticker tape as Nelson Mandela's vehicle passes during a parade through lower Manhattan, on June 20, 1990 in New York. (AP Photo/Susan Ragan) #
Rock star Bob Geldof shares a joke with African National Congress President Nelson Mandela during a visit in Johannesburg, on July 15, 1991. Geldof, the originator of the Live-Aid benefit rock concert, was on a four day visit to South Africa. (AP Photo/John Parkin) #
From left, F.W. de Klerk, President Bill Clinton, and Nelson Mandela appear at ceremonies honoring the two South African leaders with the Philadelphia Liberty Medal at Independence Hall in Philadelphia, on July 4, 1993. (AP Photo/Greg Gibson) #
Nelson Mandela, and South African President Frederik de Klerk display their Nobel Prizes after being awarded jointly for their work to end apartheid peacefully, in Oslo, Norway, on December 9, 1993. (Gerard Julien/AFP/Getty Images) #
African National Congress supporters welcome ANC President Nelson Mandela as he arrives at a rally in Durban, on April 24, 1994. (Reuters) #
Nelson Mandela casts his ballot in the presidential election at Ohlange High school in Inanda near Durban, on April 27, 1994. The election was the first in South Africa's history with universal adult suffrage. (Reuters) #
South African Defense Force helicopters carrying the new South African flag fly over Pretoria during the inauguration ceremony for the country's first black president, Nelson Mandela in Pretoria, South Africa, on May 10, 1994. The inauguration finished with a thunderous cannon salute, warplanes trailing smoke in the national colors of red, white, blue, black, green and gold, and these helicopters carrying the redesigned flag. (AP Photo) #
Nelson Mandela takes the oath of office in Pretoria, on May 10, 1994 to become South Africa's first black President. (AP Photo/David Brauchli) #
President Nelson Mandela, flanked by Second Deputy F.W. de klerk (left) and First Deputy President Thabo Mbeki (right) addresses a crowd from behind bullet-proof glass in front of the Union Building during inaugural ceremonies, on May 10, 1994. (Reuters/Juda Ngwenya) #
President Nelson Mandela and Betsie Verwoerd, widow of the assassinated architect of the failed policy of apartheid, prime minister Hendrik Verwoerd, talk to reporters August 15 after meeting over coffee and cakes in Orania, a whites-only enclave near Kimberley, on August 15, 1995. (Reuters) #
South African President Nelson Mandela and U.S. President Bill Clinton look out through the bars of cell number 5 where Mandela was imprisoned for 18 years on Robben Island, on March 27, 1998. Clinton said he was glad Mandela survived the experience without "having his heart turned into stone." (Reuters) #
South African President Nelson Mandela is accompanied by Britain's Queen Elizabeth II in a carriage ride to a Buckingham Palace lunch on the first day of his state visit to Britain, on July 9, 1996. (Reuters) #
South African President Nelson Mandela meets a member of the South African Music Village following a tree planting ceremony in St James Park on the second day of Mandela's state visit to Britain, in London, on July 10, 1996. (Reuters/Dan Chung) #
South African President Nelson Mandela (R) and Pope John Paul II listen to national anthems after they met at Johannesburg International Airport, at the start of the pope's first official visit to the country, on September 16, 1995. (Reuters) #
South African President Nelson Mandela and United States first lady Hillary Rodham Clinton, and daughter Chelsea Clinton, at a meeting in Cape Town, on March 20 1997. (AP Photo/Doug Mills) #
South African President Nelson Mandela warmly greets Cuban leader Fidel Castro as he arrives for the opening of the 12th Non-Aligned Movement summit in Durban, on September 2, 1998. (Odd Andersen/AFP/Getty Images) #
Former South African President Nelson Mandela claps his hands after American pop-icon Michael Jackson was given a lifetime achievement award during the Kora All Africa music awards in Sun City, South Africa, on September 4, 1999. (Adil Bradlow/AFP/Getty Images) #
Nelson Mandela laughs with journalists and performers participating in the second 46664 concert near the small Southern Cape province town of George, on March 18, 2005. Annie Lennox, Queen with Paul Rodgers, Katie Melua and India Arie are included in the line-up for the concert on Saturday, March 19. 46664 is an AIDS awareness campaign that takes it's name from Mandela's prison number during his 27 year incarceration. (Reuters/Mike Hutchings) #
Former South African President Nelson Mandela poses with his grandchildren, at his home in Qunu, South Africa, on July 18, 2008. (AP Photo/Themba Hadebe) #
Former South African President Nelson Mandela waves to the crowd at Soccer City stadium during the closing ceremony for the 2010 World Cup in Johannesburg, on July 11, 2010. (Reuters/Michael Kooren) #
A young boy, a member of the Maitibolo Cultural Dance Troop, pays his respects to Former South African President Nelson Mandela at a tribute wall outside the Medi-Clinic Heart Hospital in Pretoria, on July 14, 2013. (Christopher Furlong/Getty Images) #
Nelson Mandela celebrates his 94th birthday with family in Qunu, South Africa, on July 18, 2012. Across the country, and even abroad, people performed good deeds to honor the country's most famous statesman on his 94th birthday. (AP Photo/Schalk van Zuydam) #
Earlier this year, Mandela was hospitalized with a lung infection, and fears were high that he might not survive. Here, Police Constable Maureen Mailula weeps as she joins a prayer with colleagues of the National Protection Unit outside the Medi-Clinic Heart Hospital, where Mandela was being treated, in Pretoria, on July 1, 2013. (Reuters/Dylan Martinez) #
Schoolchildren hold candles and portraits of former South African President Nelson Mandela during a prayer ceremony at a school in the southern Indian city of Chennai, on December 6, 2013. Anti-apartheid hero Mandela died peacefully at home at the age of 95 on Thursday after months fighting a lung infection, leaving his nation and the world in mourning for a man revered as a moral giant. (Reuters/Babu) #
Flowers left by mourners surround a portrait of Nelson Mandela in the Sandton district of Johannesburg, on December 6, 2013. Mandela, the revered icon of the anti-apartheid struggle in South Africa and one of the towering political figures of the 20th century, has died on December 5 aged 95. (Carl De Souza/AFP/Getty Images) #

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